Black revolutionary Assata Shakur no terrorist

00_BillFletcherWhen the FBI announced that they were placing fugitive Assata Shakur (Joanne Chesimard) on the list of most wanted terrorists and that they were offering an additional $1 million for her capture, it caught most of the world by complete surprise.

Assata has been living quietly in exile in Cuba where she was given political asylum for 30  years. The former member of the Black Liberation Army escaped captivity after being tried and convicted — under controversial circumstances — in connection with the killing of a New Jersey State policeman.  Several other allegations against her were dropped either through acquittals or mistrials.

Assata Shakur had been a member of the Black Panther Party, later joining the Black Liberation Army.  Like many other Black activists in the late 1960s and early 1970s, she witnessed the vicious repression of the Black Freedom Movement — and other movements of the time — by agencies of the U.S. government, including through the use of the now notorious COINTELPRO (the FBI’s Counter Intelligence Program).

Repression of Blacks
COINTELPRO involved the infiltration and disruption of organizations that the FBI concluded were a threat to the U.S. elite.  Disruption included rumor-mongering, provocation, the encouraging of splits, imprisonment and murder.   The intensity of the repression of the Black Freedom Movement, in this case, led many activists to conclude that, at a minimum, self-defense was necessary.  For others the conclusion was that a military arm of the Black Freedom Movement was needed.

‘Never a terrorist’
Whether one agrees or disagrees with the conclusions arrived at by Assata Shakur, one thing is very important:  she was never a terrorist. Let us be clear about the meaning of this word that we hear so regularly these days.  A “terrorist” is someone who uses military methods/violence against civilians in order to advance a political objective.  There is nothing in the activism of Assata Shakur that displays anything approaching terrorism.  Additionally, since her exile, she has not been involved with any activities in the U.S.A. that could be construed as terrorist.

So, what is this about?  It appears that the main inspiration for this outrage is to derail any efforts at the normalization of relations between the U.S. and Cuba.

Most of this country is interested in improvement in relations with Cuba.

Ridiculous melodrama
For this reason, we need to understand the upping of the ante on Assata as not only a threat to her existence, a violation of Cuban and international law, but also a cynical move to disrupt efforts to end the Cold War in the Western Hemisphere.

Now is the time to demand that President Obama and Attorney General Holder reverse the decision of the FBI.  Let’s end this ridiculous melodrama.

Bill Fletcher, Jr. is a Senior Scholar with the Institute for Policy Studies. Follow him at



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