Sixty-five years ago, the Supreme Court ruled, in the Brown v. Board of Education case, that the Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) doctrine of “separate but equal” was unconstitutional. That ruling ended legal segregation in public facilities, but it did not necessarily accomplish its goals in terms of school desegregation.
Indeed, Richard Rothstein, the historian who is a distinguished fellow at the Economic Policy Institute and at the University of California, Berkeley School of Law, wrote that in 2014, Black students are “more racially and socioeconomically isolated” than at any time since 1970, when this data was first available.
Taking their time
After Brown passed, there were some integration gains through busing and magnet schools, but the South resisted Brown because a second case ordered desegregation “with all deliberate speed” – a euphemism for taking your sweet time.
I attended a segregated school in Moss Point, Miss., in 1969, 15 years after the passage of Brown. In 2016, Cleveland, Miss., finally closed its segregated Black high school and renamed Cleveland High School, the White school, Cleveland Central High School. Now the district is in court because a young Black woman was denied the salutatorian honors she earned so that a young White man, with a lower GPA, could have the honor.
The Brown case made history, but it was an imperfect tool to tackle racial inequities in the public school system because these inequities are anchored in residential patterns and funding sources. When schools are funded with property taxes, those who live in wealthier districts will simply have better education, perpetuating inequalities.
Why blame teachers?
It has been trendy to blame teachers for unequal education outcomes, even as these teacher’s responsibilities expand with increased regulation, testtaking, and unrealistic requirements around engagement with parents and others. A school district in South Carolina, for example, requires that teachers respond to parent emails within 24 hours. The burden of one teacher’s 10-12 hour days became so onerous that she quit her teaching job in the middle of the school year. Many questioned her commitment to children, but she fought fiercely to maintain her sanity and some semblance of a quality of life.
Teaching is not supposed to be trench warfare. It is supposed to be joyful for both students and teachers. There is nothing more gratifying than to watch children gleefully grasp a concept, read a page, solve a math problem, or give a speech. But that sense of gratification is diminished when bureaucracy chips the joy away, or when a teacher has to take on outside work to pay her bills.
Teachers have made national headlines as they seek supplemental income, driving Uber or Lyft, moonlighting as food servers, taking on side jobs as tutors, and living two or three in an apartment meant for one to save money. Teachers really have to want to do it – they earn about a quarter less than their counterparts who have the same education, according to the Economic Policy Institute.
We have been underpaying teachers for at least the last two decades! The nonsense we celebrated during the recent Teachers’ Appreciation Week is a charade. If you want to appreciate teachers, pay them! Don’t offer folks two-for-one burritos at Chipotle or other food fringes when what teachers need is fair pay. Don’t give teachers apples and faux appreciation when the teachers who graciously accept your apples and recognition are hustling outside the classroom to make ends meet.
Teachers are striking all over the country, even in places like West Virginia where we would least expect it because they are desperate to be valued. Paying them less than they are worth is disrespectful.
Sixty-five years ago, the Supreme Court tackled segregation in our nation’s school systems. The Brown decision changed the law, but not the structure of racial gaps in education. And it did not foresee the many ways our nation’s teachers have been disrespected and disadvantaged by the structural indifference to classrooms that serve poor and Black students.
Sixty-five years after Brown, the achievement gap is persistent. Our nation’s wealth gap is a function of that achievement gap, and the treatment of our nation’s teachers is connected to the wealth and achievement gap.
When we commemorate Brown, we must embrace the importance of adequately compensating teachers. In embracing our teachers, we support the children they are teaching and guiding. In ignoring issues of fair teacher compensation, we are abandoning our children!